The bending and tension strength of furniture joints bonded with polyvinyl acetate nanocomposites

Main Article Content

Timucin Bardak Ali Naci Tankut Nurgul Tankut Deniz Aydemir Eser Sozen


Furniture is the general name given for the portable equipment used in various human activities such as seating, working and relaxing. They can be a product of design and is considered a form of decorative art. They can widely be manufactured with different adhesives. Biodegradable and biobased adhesives which have no toxic compounds and non-dangerous elements have been selected since the furniture is generally benefited in interior locations. Meanwhile, polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) is a thermoplastic polymer which is widely used in the furniture industry. In this study, tension and bending strength of the furniture joints bonded with polyvinyl acetate adhesives filled with nano-TiO2 and nano-SiO2 were investigated. Three materials; oak (Quercus robur) wood, beech (Fagus orientalis) wood and plywood made with beech veneers were selected, and the joints were prepared by mortise and tenon joints. The results showed that the maximum value for the tension strength and bending strength were obtained to beech wood and oak wood in 2% addition of nano-SiO2 fillers. The minimum values for the tension and bending strength nano-SiO2 were found to plywood and 4% loading.

Article Details

How to Cite
BARDAK, Timucin et al. The bending and tension strength of furniture joints bonded with polyvinyl acetate nanocomposites. Maderas. Ciencia y Tecnología, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 1, p. 51-62, jan. 2017. ISSN 0718-221X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2017.
Biodegradable polymer; bonding performance; furniture; Fagus orientalis; mechanical properties; plywood; Quercus robur.


Abdolzadeh, H.; Ebrahimi, G.; Layeghi, M.; Ghassemieh, M. 2015. Analytical and experimental studies on stress capacity with modified wood members under combined stresses. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 17(2):263-276.

Aydemir, D. 2015. Morphological and Thermal Properties of Cellulose Nano Fibrils Reinforced Epoxy Nanocomposites. Drvna Industrija 66(1):35-40.

Bardak, T.; Tankut, AN.; Tankut, N.; Sozen, E.; Aydemir, D. 2016. The effect of nano-TiO2 and SiO2 on bonding strength and structural properties of poly (vinyl acetate) composites. Measurement 93:80-85.

Barboutis, I.; Meliddides, T. 2011. Influence of the time between machining and assembly of mortise and tenon joints on tension strength of T-type joints. Ann WULS-SGGW For Wood Technology 73:23-29.

Belleville, B.; Ashley, P.; Ozarska, B. 2016. Wood planing properties of Australian plantationgrown Eucalypts. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 18(3):425-434.

Broman, O.; Fredriksson, M. 2012. Wood material features and technical defects that affect yield in a finger joint production process. Wood Material Science & Engineering 7(4):167-175.

Clinton, BD.; Van der Merwe, A. 2006. Management accounting: Approaches, techniques, and management processes. Cost Management 20(3):14-22.

Dai, L.; Zhang, J.; Quin, JF. 2008. Lateral and tensile resistances of glued face-to-face and endto- face joints in pine plywood and oriented strand board. Forest Prod J 58(3):50-54.

Eckelman, CA. 1990. Adhesive-based joints in particleboard and medium density fiberboard.

AES 12380. A review and summary of relevant published literature on fasteners and their use with particleboard and MDF. Gaithersburg: National Particleboard Association.

Eckelman, CA. 2003. Textbook of product engineering and strength design of furniture. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.

Eckelman, C.; Erdil, Y. 2000. Joint design manual for furniture frames constructed of plywood and oriented strand board. Purdue University, Cooperative Extension Service. FNR-170, 34.

Eckelman, CA. 1970. Chair stretchers and spindles prove tough after testing. Furniture design and manufacturing, 42: 220-223.

Erdil, YZ.; Kasal, A.; Eckelman, CA. 2005. Bending moment capacity of rectangular mortise and tenon furniture joints. Forest Products Journal 55(12):209-213.

Fu, H.; Yan, C.; Zhou, W.; Huang, H. 2014. Nano-SiO 2/fluorinated waterborne polyurethane nanocomposite adhesive for laminated films. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 20(4):1623-1632.

Hicks, DT. 2005. Good decisions require good models: Developing activity-based solutions that work for decision makers. Cost Management 19(3):32-40.

Ho CL.; Eckelman CA. 1994. The use of performance tests in evaluating joint and fastener strength in case furniture. Forest Prod J 44(9):47-53.

Kaboorani, A.; Bernard, R.; Pierre, B. 2013. Ultra-sonication technique: a method for dispersing nanoclay in wood adhesives. Journal of Nanomaterials 2013, doi 10.1155/2013/341897, Article ID

Kumar, VS.; Sharma, CM.; Gupta, S. 2015. Compression and flexural properties of finger jointed mango wood sections. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 17(1):151-160.

Park, SW.; Kim, BC.; Lee, DG. 2009. Tensile strength of joints bonded with a nano- particlereinforced adhesive. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology 23(1):95-113.

Rhim, JW.; Ng, PKW. 2007. Natural biopolymer-based nanocomposites films for packaging applications. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 47: 411-433.

Smardzewski, J.; Papuga, T. 2004. Stress distribution in angle joints of skeleton furniture. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities 7(1)

Shchipunov, Y. 2012. Bionanocomposites: Green sustainable materials for the near future. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 84: 2579-2607.

Mirjalili, F.; Chuah, L.; Salahi, E. 2014. Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Polypropylene/Nano α-Al2O3 Composites, Hindawi Publishing. The Scientific World Journal 2014, doi 10.1155/2014/718765, Article ID 718765.

Uysal, B., Özçifci, A., Kurt, Ş., Yapıcı, F. 2005. Lamine Malzemede Su Buharının Boyutsal Değişime Etkisi, Fırat Üniv. Fen ve Müh. Bil. Der., 17 (4): 655-663 (In Turkish).

Tankut, AN.; Tankut, N. 2011. Section modulus of corner joints in furniture frames as engineering design criteria for their efficient construction. Materials & Design 32(4):2391-2395.

Tankut, N.; Tankut AN.; Zor, M. 2014. Mechanical properties of heat-treated wooden material utilized in the construction of outdoor sitting furniture. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 38:148-158.

Vassiliou, V.; Barboutis, I. 2008. Strength of furniture joints constructed with biscuits. In International Conference of Nabytok, Bratislava, Slovakia, 13-15 May 2008, (pp. 1-6).

Veselovsky, R.A.; Kestelman, V.N. 2002. Adhesion of polymers. USA: The McGraw-Hill.

Zhang, J.L.; Efe, H.; Erdil, YZ.; Kasal, A.; Han, N. 2005. Moment resistance of multiscrew L-type corner joints. Forest Prod J 55(10):56-63.

Zhai, L.L.; Ling, G.P.; Wang, Y.W. 2008. Effect of nano-Al2O3 on adhesion strength of epoxy adhesive and steel. International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives 28(1):23-28.