Desafíos para las interfaces urbano-rurales propensas a incendios forestales: El caso de Melbourne / Challenges for wildfire-prone urban-rural interfaces: The case of Melbourne

Palabras clave: incendio forestal, riesgo de desastre, planificación espacial, periurbano

Resumen

Los incendios forestales son una amenaza creciente para muchos residentes de las interfaces urbano-rurales situadas en áreas propensas a estos siniestros. La planificación espacial es un aspecto importante al lidiar con el riesgo de incendio forestal, ya que tiene el potencial de modificar el diseño, la ubicación y las características de los asentamientos. Sin embargo, los sistemas de planificación pueden tener dificultades para integrar acciones al respecto. Este documento reflexiona sobre los mecanismos para tratar los factores clave de riesgo de incendio forestal en las interfaces urbano-rural y los desafíos asociados a esta tarea, a través de un estudio de caso, el de Melbourne. Este se analiza desde la perspectiva de los mecanismos de planificación espacial que abordan el riesgo de incendio forestal, relacionados a las estructuras físicas y a los roles de los organismos. Los mecanismos físicos para tratar el riesgo se examinan considerando la cartografía, la acción estratégica y los procesos de toma de decisiones. Finalmente, se destacan los siguientes desafíos a los que se enfrentan los mencionados mecanismos de planificación: influencia directa e indirecta de la política; otros requerimientos de planificación que compiten y frenan la gestión de riesgos; limitaciones de implementación; y problemas asociados al legado de riesgo en asentamientos existentes.

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Biografía del autor

Constanza Gonzalez-Mathiesen, The University of Melbourne, Australia & Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile

PhD Candidate

Alan March, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Austria

Profesor en Planificación Urbana y Director de la Licenciatura en Diseño

Janet Stanley, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Austria

Profesor asociado e Investigador principal, investigador en resiliencia social urbana

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Publicado
2019-05-31
Cómo citar
Gonzalez-Mathiesen, C., March, A., & Stanley, J. (2019). Desafíos para las interfaces urbano-rurales propensas a incendios forestales: El caso de Melbourne / Challenges for wildfire-prone urban-rural interfaces: The case of Melbourne. Urbano, 22(39), 88-105. https://doi.org/10.22320/07183607.2019.22.39.05

Agencias de apoyo

La investigación bajo la que se encuadra el artículo fue parcialmente financiada por el Gobierno Australiano a través del Australian Research Council (proyecto LP160100661) y por el Bushfire Natural Hazard Cooperative Research Centre (proyecto: “Integrating Urban planning and Disaster Risk Reduction”)