Study on the effects of wood flour geometry on physical and mechanical properties of wood-plastic composites

Authors

  • Azar Khonsari
  • Hamid R. Taghiyari
  • Ali Karimi
  • Mehdi Tajvidi

Keywords:

Fagus orientalis, ground shavings, high density polyethylene, mesh size, sawdust, wood composite materials.

Abstract

The present study is focused on the effects of the shape and size of Fagus orientalis wood flour on physical and mechanical properties of HDPE based wood plastic composites (WPC). Variables included two mesh sizes (20 and 60), as well as five different contents of ground shavings (0, 25, 50,
75, and 100%) mixed with sawdust; totally 10 treatments. HDPT content was 40% in all formulations. Panels were compression molded and physical and mechanical tests were carried out in accordance with ASTM D2240 standard specifications. Results showed that mesh size can only significantly affect the hardness in the studied wood-plastic composites. On the other hand, increasing the proportion of the ground shavings possessing higher aspect ratio (l/d) increased both flexural strength and hardness. This increasing effect however was not observed for ground shavings beyond 50%. It was also concluded that while the addition of ground shavings up to 50% could improve the mechanical properties, higher proportions would reduce some of the properties, particularly the impact strength. In was concluded that the panel made of 50% wood flour combined with 50% ground shavings exhibited overall suitable
properties for most applications.

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How to Cite

Khonsari, A., R. Taghiyari, H., Karimi, A., & Tajvidi, M. (2015). Study on the effects of wood flour geometry on physical and mechanical properties of wood-plastic composites. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol, 17(3), 545–558. Retrieved from http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/2094

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