Mechanical, thermal, morphological properties and decay resistance of filled hazelnut husk polymer composites
Keywords:Corylus avellana, decay resistance, mechanical properties, Pinus sylvestris, polymer composites, Postia plecenta, Trametes versicolor.
AbstractFour different formulations of natural fiber-polymer composites were fabricated from mixtures of hazelnut (Corylus avellana) husk flour (HHF), polypropylene (PP) and high density polyethylene (HDPE).
Variables examined included polymer and coupling agent types. All formulations were compression molded in a hot press for 3 minutes at 175 0C. The resulted specimens were tested for mechanical properties according to ASTM D-790 and ASTM D-638. In addition, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetry (TG) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) analysis were performed to characterize rheological properties of the fabricated composite. Furthermore, decay tests were performed to determine degradation of hazelnut husk polymer matrices. Hazelnut husk polymer composites had high mechanical properties for the tested formulations. The thermal studies showed that incorporation of
hazelnut husk into the polymer matrices used did not adversely affect the composite. The HDPE+50% wood + 3% MAPE (HHF2) formulation showed the highest natural durability with only 3,47% and 4,60% mass losses against Trametes versicolor and Postia plecenta, respectively, while Scots pine solid controls experienced around 32% mass loss under the same exposure condition.