Larvicidal activities of some bark and wood extracts against wood-damaging insects


  • Selim Şen
  • Mesut Yalçın
  • Cihat Taşçıoğlu
  • Ali Kemal Özbayram


Mimosa, pine bark extract, plant extract, quebracho, Spondylis buprestoides, tannin, wood treatment.


This study investigates the larvicidal activities of plant extracts and tannins against wood-damaging insects. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), beech (Fagus orientalis), and poplar wood (Populus tremula) were subjected to larvae of Spondylis buprestoides (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) by impregnating them with mimosa (Acacia mollissima), quebracho (Schinopsis lorentzii) and redpine bark (Pinus brutia) extracts. At the end of the 6-month experiment, the numbers of dead and live larvae as well as the mean mass losses of woods were determined. In terms of wood species, the lowest larva resistance was observed in Scots pine wood, while the highest larva resistance was achieved by beech wood. The lowest mass losses and the highest dead termite rates in all tree species were observed when the concentration of mimosa and quebracho extracts was 12%. On the other hand, the pine bark extract showed a lower larvicide effect than the other two extracts.


Download data is not yet available.


Civelek, H.S.; Çolak, A.M. 2008. Effects of some plant extracts and bensultap on Trichoferus griseus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4: 721-725.

Fennema, O.R. 1996. Food Chemistry. (3rd ed.), New York: Marcel Dekker, 780-782.

Fettköther, R.; Reddy, G.V.P.; Noldt, U.; Dettner K. 2000. Effect of host and larval frass volatiles on behavioural response of the old house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus (L.) Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), in a wind tunnel bioassay. Chemoecology 10: 1-10.

Fidah, A.; Salh, N.; Rahouti, M.; Kabouchi, B.; Ziani, M.; Aberchane, M.; Famiri, A. 2016. Natural durability of Cedrus atlantica wood related to the bioactivity of its essential oil against wood decaying fungi. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 18: 567-576.

Franzen, H. 1993. Need for development of new strategies for locust control. In: New strategies for locust control. Ed: Rembold, H. ATSAF. Bonn. 89, 9-13.

Geromini, K.V.N.; Roratto, F.B.; Ferreira, F.G.; Camilotti J.; Vidigal, T.M.A.; Valle, J.S.; Colauto, N.B.; Linde, G.A. 2015. Fungicidal effect of Lippia alba essential oil on a white-rot fungus. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 17: 29-38.

Gershenzon, J.; Croteau, R. 1991. Terpenoids. In G. A. Rosenthal and M. R. Berenbaum (eds.). Herbivores: Their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites, 2nd ed. Academic Press, Orlando, Florida, 165-219.

Guerra, D.J.; Cothren, J.T.; Phillips, J.R. 1990. Influence of selected phenolic compounds on development of bollworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 83: 2115-2118. Hagerman, A.E. 2002. Tannin Chemistry. Department of chemistry and biochemistry, Miami University, USA.

Haslam, E. 1988. Plant polyphenols (syn. vegetable tannins) and chemical defence a reappraisal.Journal of Chemical Ecology 14: 1789-1805.

Haslam, E.; Tanner, R. 1970. Spectrophotometric assay of tannase. Phytochemistry 90: 2305-2309.

Hus, S. 1969. Orman Mahsulleri Kimyası, IU Orman Fakültesi, IÜ Yayın No:1451, of Yayın No:150, Istanbul 195.

Haslberger, H.; Fengel, D. 1991. Larvae development of the house longhorn beetle in pinewood treated with different beechwood extracts. Holz als Roh-und Werkstoff 49: 229-234.

Isman, M.B.; Duffey, S.S. 1982. Toxicity of tomato phenolic compounds to the fruitworm, Heliothis zea. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 31: 370-376.

Jembere, B.; Getahun, D.; Negash, M.; Sevoum, E. 2005. Toxicity of Birbira (Milletia ferruginea) seed crude extracts to some insect pests as compared to other botanical and synthetic insecticides. 11th NAPRECA (Natural Products and Drug Delivery) Symposium Book of Proceeding, Astanarivo, Madagaskar, 88-96.

Kaygın, A.T. 2007. Industrial Wood Pests, Nobel Publication No: 1082, 1. Edition, Science and Biology Publications No. 31, Ankara.

Khatun, M.; Talukder, D.; Hye, A. 2011. Insecticidal activity of Acacia catechu bark extract against four stored product pests. Int J Sustain Crop Prod 6(1):1-5.

Kio N.D.P.1990. Insecticidal activity of fatty acid constituents of fixed vegetable oils against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) on cowpea, Pesticide Science, 30 (3) 295-302.

Kirker, G.T.; Blodgett, A.B.; Arango, R.A.; Lebow, P.K.; Clausen, C.A. 2013. The role of extractives in naturally durable wood species International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 82: 53-58.

Kolk, A.; Starzyk, J.R. 1996. The Atlas of Forest Insect Pests. The Polish Forest Research Institute, Multico Warszawa.

Langenheim, J. H. 1994. Higher plant terpenoids: a phytocentric overview of their ecological roles. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20: 1223-1280.

Nerg, A.M.; Hejari, J.; Noldt, U.; Viitanen, H.; Vuorinen, M.; Kainulainen, P.; Holopaınen J.K. 2004. Significance of wood terpenoids in the resistance of scots pine provenances against the old house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus, and brown-rot fungus, Coniophora puteana. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30:125-141.

Pizzi, A. 1983. Wood adhesives-chemistry and technology. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker Inc. Ralston A. W., Barrett J.P., Hopkins E.W., The insecticidal properties of some fatty acid derivates, Journal of Oil and Fat Industries, 8 (1) (2012) 11-13.

Rembold, H. 1984. Secondary plant compounds in insect control with special reference to azadirachtins. Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction 3: 481-491.

Santana, A.L.B.D.; Maranhão, C.A.; Santos, J.C.; Cunha, F.M.; Conceição, G.M.; Bieber, L.W.; Nascimento, M.S. 2010. Antitermitic activity of extractives from three Brazilian hardwoods against Nasutitermes corniger. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 64: 7-12.

Scalbert, A. 1991. Antimicrobial properties of tannin. Phytochemistry 30: 3875-3883. Simmonds, M.S. 2003. Flavonoid-insect interactions: Recent advances in our knowledge. Phytochemistry 64: 21-30.

Ssemaganda, I.E.; Mugabi, P.; Tumwebaze, S.B. 2011. Effectiveness of selected preservatives in protecting ugandan grown Eucalyptus grandis wood against termite attack. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 13(2): 135-142.

Syofuna, A.; Banana, A.Y.; Nakabonge, G. 2012. Efficiency of natural wood extractives as wood preservatives against termite attack. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 14(2): 155-163.

Şen, S. 2001. Determination of effetcs of some plant phenols on wood protection. PhD thesis, University of Karaelmas, Institute of Science, Zonguldak, Turkey, pp: 295.

Şen, S.; Hafızoğlu, H.; Kanat, M. 2002. Investigation of wood preservative activities of some plant extracts and tannins as insecticide. KSU Journal of Science and Engineering 5: 86-98.

Şen, S.; Tascioglu, C.; Tirak, K. 2009. Fixation, leachability, and decay resistance of wood treated with some commercial extracts and wood preservative salts. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63: 135-141.

Tascioglu, C.; Yalcin, M.; Şen, S.; Akcay, C. 2013. Antifungal properties of some plant extracts used as wood preservatives. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 85: 23-28.

Taşçıoğlu, C.; Yalçın, M.; Franco, T.; Sivrikaya, H. 2012. Termiticidal properties of some wood and bark extracts used as wood preservatives. BioResources 7: 2960-2969.

Tırak K. 2006. Increasing fixation properties of plant extractives and tannins which have natural wood preservation properties, Master’s thesis, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Institute of Science, Turkey, pp:166.

Turkish Standards Institution. TS. 1966. Wood preservatives-Determination of the toxic values against larvae of Hylotrupes bajulus (linnaeus) (Laboratory Method), TS 5564 EN 47. Ankara, Turkey.

TAPPI Standards. 1997. Solvent Extractives of Wood and Pulp. T 204 cm-1997.

TAPPI Standards. 1998. Acid-Insoluble Lignin in Wood and Pulp. T 222 om-1998

Toshiaki, U. 2001. Chemistry of Extractives. In: Wood and cellulosic chemistry, Ed Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York, pp.213-241.

Windeisen, E.; Wegener, G.; Lesnino, G.; Schumacher, P. 2002. Investigation of the correlation between extractives content and natural durability in 20 cultivated larch trees. Holz als Roh- Werkstoff 60: 373-374.

Wise, E.L.; Karl, H.L. 1962. Cellulose and Hemicellulose in Pulp and Paper Science and Technology. vol:1, Edited By C. Earl Libby, Mc Graw Hill Book Co., New York.

Zarins, I.; Daugavietis, M.; Halimona, J. 2009. Biological activity of plant extracts and their application as ecologically harmless biopesticide. Scientific works of the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture and Lithuanian University of Agriculture 28, 269-280.


How to Cite

Şen, S., Yalçın, M., Taşçıoğlu, C., & Özbayram, A. K. (2017). Larvicidal activities of some bark and wood extracts against wood-damaging insects. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol, 19(3), 273–284. Retrieved from