Estudio de cinética en procesos termogravimétricos de materiales lignocelulósicos

  • José Juan Alvarado Flores
  • José Guadalupe Rutiaga Quiñones

Abstract

La madera de pino representa el 20% de las especies forestales plantadas en todo el mundo, y actualmente es de vital importancia en aplicaciones industriales como en aserrío, fabricación de papel y medicina. Actualmente, se ha destacado su uso en aplicaciones energéticas. En este estudio se presenta una breve revisión sobre el análisis térmico realizado a diversas especies de madera de pino. Nos enfocamos principalmente al análisis de los resultados respecto a cómo varía el contenido de masa o pérdida de peso con el cambio de temperatura a partir del análisis de las curvas de termogravimetría y su derivada. Se han considerado diversas especies de madera de pino: Pinus caribaea, Pinus patula, Cupressus sempervirens, Pinus pinaster, Pinus radiata, Pinus sylvestris, Pinus pinea y Pinus taeda. Con el objetivo de mostrar las diferencias y similitudes respecto a la estabilidad térmica de las especies mencionadas, se han discutido los principales parámetros a partir de las curvas de termogravimetría como energía de activación, factor pre-exponencial y orden de reacción. Además, se examinan las etapas de descomposición de acuerdo a los principales componentes de la madera tales como agua, celulosa, hemicelulosa, lignina y extractivos.


Pine wood accounts for 20% of the world's planted forest species, and is currently of vital importance in industrial applications such as sawmills, papermaking and medicine. Actually, its use in energy applications has been emphasized. This study presents a brief review on the thermal analysis of various species of pine wood. We focus mainly on the analysis of the results regarding how the mass content or weight loss varies with the temperature change from the analysis of the thermogravimetric curves and its derivative. Several species of pine wood have been considered: Pinus caribaea, Pinus patula, Cupressus sempervirens, Pinus pinaster, Pinus radiata, Pinus sylvestris, Pinus pinea and Pinus taeda. In order to show the differences and similarities with respect to the thermal stability of the mentioned species, we have discussed the main parameters from the thermogravimetry curves such as activation energy, pre-exponential factor and reaction order. In addition, the decomposition stages are examined according to the main components of the wood such as water, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and extractives.

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Published
2017-11-29
How to Cite
JUAN ALVARADO FLORES, José; GUADALUPE RUTIAGA QUIÑONES, José. Estudio de cinética en procesos termogravimétricos de materiales lignocelulósicos. Maderas. Ciencia y Tecnología, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 2, nov. 2017. ISSN 0718-221X. Available at: <http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/3045>. Date accessed: 14 dec. 2017.