Effects of factors on direct screw withdrawal resistance in medium density fiberboard and particleboard


  • Huseyin Yorur
  • Emre Birinci
  • M. Nuri Gunay
  • Onder Tor


Adhesives, density, medium density fiberboard, particleboard, screw, water treatment


An increase in demand on solid wood that is insufficient supply to meet in the world necessarily directed to other engineering materials that could be an alternative to the solid wood. In this context, instead of using solid wood in furniture and construction industry, wood-based panels such as medium density fiberboard (MDF) and particleboard (PB) have become widely used as construction material. Limited research has been done in the field of fastener performance as mechanical properties with different parameters in the joints constructed with these panels. Therefore, in this study, the parameters of screw type, pilot hole, screw orientation, water treatment and adhesives were investigated in MDF and PB. The results indicated that the highest direct screw withdrawal (DSW) resistance was observed in the test blocks applied with PU and the lowest DSW resistance was in the test blocks without a pilot hole drilled in both materials. In addition, MDF in general had better DSW resistance than PB in almost all combinations of the parameters. The treatment of water into MDF and PB test blocks negatively affects the DSW resistance. The DSW resistance in the face orientation was found to be higher than the corresponding ones in the side orientation in both materials.


Download data is not yet available.


Abu, F.; Ahmad, M. 2015. Effects of screw insertion on screw withdrawal strength. Int J Adv Appl Sci 2(12): 25–29. http://www.science-gate.com/IJAAS/Articles/2015-2-12-2/05%202015-2-12-pp.25-29.pdf

Akyildiz, M.H.; Malkocoglu, A. 2001. Wood screw withdrawal resistance of some important tree species growing in Eastern Blacksea region. J Artvin Forest Facul Kafkas Univ 2(1): 54–60. http://ofd.artvin.edu.tr/en/issue/2250/29643

Aytekin, A. 2008. Determination of screw and nail withdrawal resistance of some important wood species. Int J Mol Sci 9(4): 626–637. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9040626

Azambuja da Rosa, R.; Gomes de Castro, V.; Trianoski, R.; Iwakiri, S. 2018. Recycling wood waste from construction and demolition to produce particleboards. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 20(4): 681-690. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2018005041401

Broker, F.W.; Krause, H.A. 1991. Preliminary investigations on the holding power of dynamically loaded wood-screws. Eur J Wood Wood Prod 49(10): 381–384. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02608920

Cai, Z.; Wu, Q.; Lee, J.N.; Hiziroglu, S. 2004. Influence of board density, mat construction, and chip type on performance of particleboard made from estern redcedar. Forest Prod J 54(12): 226–232. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/21932

Celebi, G.; Kilic, M. 2007. Nail and screw withdrawal strength of laminated veneer lumber made up hardwood and softwood layers. Constr Build Mater 21(4): 894–900. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.12.015

Chen, Y.; Zhu, S.; Guo, Y.; Liu, S.; Tu, D.; Fan, H. 2016. Investigation on withdrawal resistance of screws in reconstituted bamboo lumber. Wood Res-Slovakia 61(5): 799–810. http://www.centrumdp.sk/wr/201605/12.pdf

Conrad, M.; Smith, G.; Fernlund, G. 2004. Fracture of wood composites and wood-adhesive joints: A comparative review. Wood Fiber Sci 36(1): 26–39. https://wfs.swst.org/index.php/wfs/article/view/1184

Dehghan, M.; Faezipour, M.; Azizi, M.; Zarea Hosseinabadi, H.; Bari, E.; D. Nicholas, D. 2019. Assessment of physical, mechanical, and biological properties of bamboo plastic composite made with polylactic acid. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 21(4): 599-610. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2019005000415

Eshaghi, S.; Fazeipour, M.; Taghiyari, H.R. 2013. Investigation on lateral resistance of joints made with drywall and sheet metal screws in bagasse particleboard and comparison with that of commercial MDF. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 15(2): 127-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2013005000011

Freund, R.J.; Mohr, D.; Wilson, W.J. 2010. Statistical methods. 3rd Edition. Academic Press Inc. San Diego, USA.

Hung, K.C.; Wu, J.H. 2010. Mechanical and interfacial properties of plastic composite panels made from esterified bamboo particles. J Wood Sci 56(3): 216–221. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-009-1090-9

Kuang, F.; Xing, Y.; Wu, Z.; Zhang, J. 2017. Characteristics of screwdriving torques in wood-plastic composites. Wood Fiber Sci 49(2): 206–218. https://wfs.swst.org/index.php/wfs/article/view/2549

Mcnatt, J.D. 1986. Screw-holding, internal bond, and related properties of composite board products for furniture and cabinet manufacture: A survey of literature. In FPS proceedings 47357. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA. 47357: 30-35. https://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/products/publications/specific_pub.php?posting_id=18813&header_id=p

Ors, Y.; Ozen, R.; Doganay, S. 1998. Screw holding ability (Strength) of wood materials used in furniture manufacture. Turk J Agric For 22(1): 29–34. https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/agriculture/abstract.htm?id=1842

Percin, O.; Yasar, S.S.; Altunok, M.; Uzun, O. 2017. Determination of screw withdrawal resistance of some heat-treated wood species. Drvna Ind 68(1): 61–68. https://doi.org/10.5552/drind.2017.1630

Rajak, Z.; Eckelman, C.A. 1993. Edge and face withdrawal strength of large screws in particleboard and medium density fiberboard. Forest Prod J 43(4): 25-30.

Sackey, E.; Semple, K.; Won Oh, S.; Smith, G.D. 2008. Improving core bond strength of particleboard through particle size redistribution. Wood Fiber Sci 40(2): 214–224. https://wfs.swst.org/index.php/wfs/article/view/752

Semple, K.E.; Smith, G.D. 2006. Prediction of internal bond strength in particleboard from screw withdrawal resistance models. Wood Fiber Sci 38(2): 256–267. https://wfs.swst.org/index.php/wfs/article/view/621

Smardzewski, J.; Imirzi, H.O.; Lange, J.; Podskarbi, M. 2015. Assessment method of bench joints made of wood-based composites. Compos Struct 123: 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2014.12.039

Smardzewski, J.; Klos, R. 2011. Modeling of joint substitutive rigidity of board elements. Ann WULS-SGGW, Forestry and Wood Technology 73: 7–15. http://annals-wuls.sggw.pl/files/files/fwt/fwt2011no73art01.pdf

Sydor, M.; Wołpiuk, M. 2016. Analysis of resistance to axial withdrawal of screws embedded in locally reinforced MDF. Drewno 59(196): 173–182. https://doi.org/10.12841/wood.1644-3985.093.14

Tankut, N. 2006. Moment resistance of corner joints connected with different RTA fasteners in cabinet construction. Forest Prod J 56(4): 35–40.
Turish Standards Institution. TSE. 2005. TS EN 13446: Wood - based panels -Determination of withdrawal capacity of fasteners.. Ankara, Turkey. https://en.tse.org.tr/

Turish Standards Institution. TSE. 2011. TS EN 320: Particleboards and fibreboards - Determination of resistance to axial withdrawal of screws. Ankara, Turkey. https://en.tse.org.tr/

Wang, X.; Salenikovich, A.; Mohammad, M. 2007. Localized density effects on fastener holding capacities in wood-based panels. Forest Prod J 57(1/2): 103–109.

Yorur, H.; Tor, O.; Gunay, M.N.; Birinci, E. 2017. The effect of different variables on the direct screw withdrawal strength in plywood. Kast Uni J Forestry Faculty 17(2): 325-333. https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.333858

Zhang, J.; Efe, H.; Erdil, Y.Z.; Kasal, A.; Han, N. 2005. Moment resistance of multiscrew L-type corner joints. Forest Prod J 55(10): 56–63.




How to Cite

Yorur, H., Birinci, E., Gunay, M. N., & Tor, O. (2020). Effects of factors on direct screw withdrawal resistance in medium density fiberboard and particleboard. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol, 22(3), 375-384. Retrieved from http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/4092