Estrategia para la incorporación de impactos ambientales, sociales y económicos específicos en un método de evaluación de la sostenibilidad de edificios de salud (HBSA method)

Palabras clave: los métodos de evaluación, método HBSA, edificios de salud, hospitales, sostenibilidad

Resumen

El proyecto de un ambiente hospitalario requiere una serie de preocupaciones por la satisfacción y el bienestar del equipo de trabajo, pacientes y administradores, a la vez que posee una fuerte responsabilidad social e impacto en la ciudad. Actualmente, veré que la mayoría de este tipo
de edificios no es concebida o utilizada de forma sostenible, a pesar de que ya existen algunas herramientas que se están desarrollando con el objetivo de ser utilizadas en el soporte de decisiones que permitan optimizar la sostenibilidad de los mismos. Sobre la base de este contexto,
el presente artículo tiene como objetivos discutir las barreras existentes en la diseminación de prácticas sostenibles en los edificios de salud y presentar una propuesta de estructura para una metodología que, dando respuesta a algunas de las barreras identificadas, facilite la incorporación de principios de sustentabilidad durante las diferentes fases del ciclo de vida de un edificio hospitalario. La estructura presentada es orientada al contexto portugués y se encuentra basada en el trabajo desarrollado hasta entonces por las organizaciones ISO y CEN y en otras metodologías internacionales de evaluación de la sostenibilidad ya disponibles en el mercado.

Biografía del autor

Maria de Fátima Castro, Universidade do Minho

Maria de Fátima Castro is Architect and MSc in Sustainable Construction and Rehabilitation.  At this moment she is a PhD student in a Doctoral Program of Civil Engineering, and her thesis theme is “Sustainability in the built environment: methodology to support sustainable building design hospital”. She published one thesis in the field of sustainability and one scientific paper (in an indexed journal) in the same research domain. She is an author identified by SCOPUS database and Web of Science, and she has been participating in the organization of several events in the field of Sustainable Construction. Since 2011, she has been participating through oral presentations on the topic at many international and national conferences, seminars and workshops, and several papers are published in conferences proceedings. She is member of the Technical Committee (TC) of iiSBE and responsible for TC of iiSBE Portugal secretariat, that aims to adapt the international building sustainability assessment tool “SBTool” to the Portuguese environmental, societal and economical contexts.

Ricardo Mateus, Universidade do Minho
Ricardo Mateus is PhD in Civil Engineering, Assistant Professor at the Civil Engineering Department of the University of Minho and member of the C-TAC research unit. He published two thesis in the field of sustainability and is the author and co-author of several national and international books and book chapters and more than 60 scientific papers in the same research domain. He received several awards for scientific and academic work developed, including: Honourable Mention Award "IHRU" (2010) and Honourable Mention Award "André Jordan" (2010). He is a member of several Organizations, Teams and Committees responsible for developing events, initiatives and normalization in the field of Sustainable Construction, with emphasis on the Coordination of the Technical Committee of iiSBE Portugal. He is a member of the research team of several ongoing and finished national and international research projects. His fields of research are life cycle assessment (LCA) of building materials, products and elements and building sustainability assessment (BSA) and rating.
Luís Bragança
Luís Bragança is Professor at the Civil Engineering Department of the University of Minho, director of the Master in Sustainable Construction and Rehabilitation and director of the of Building Physics and Construction Technology Laboratory. He has authored and co-authored more than 200 publications, including books, book chapters, articles in journals and national and international conferences. He is currently President of the International Initiative for Sustainable Built Environment (iiSBE), Chairman of the Board of iiSBE Portugal, coordinator of the European COST Action C25 "Sustainability of Constructions", coordinator of the Committee for Education and Lifelong Learning of iiSBE and coordinator of the Technical Committee TC14 "Sustainability & Eco-Efficiency of Steel Construction". Additionally, he takes part in the CEN/TC350 "Sustainability of Construction Works" and is the representative of the Portuguese Construction Technology Platform (PTPC) in the European Construction Technology Platform (ECTP).

Citas

ACSS. Recomendações e especi cações técnicas do Edifício Hospitalar. 2011. Lisboa: ACSS - Administração Central do Sistema de Saúde, 2012.

ACSS. Guia de boas práticas para o sector da saúde. 1.3 (2013). Lisbon: ACSS, 2013.

ACSS. Portal da Saúde [online], 2016. [Dta de consulta: 14 de maio 2016]. Disponível em: http://www.portaldasaude.pt/portal.

ASHE. Green healthcare construction guidance statement. Chicago: ASHE, 2002.

BAUM, Mara e SHEPLEY, Mardelle. Eco-Effective Design & Evidence- Based Design. Documento apresentado em: Cleanmed. Chicago, 2009, pp. 1–63.

BAUM, Mara; SHEPLEY, Mardelle; GINSBERG, Rachel e ROSTENBERG, Bill. Eco-Effective Design and Evidence-Based Design: Perceived Synergy and Con ic. HERD, 2009a, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 56–70.

BAUM, Mara; SHEPLEY, Mardelle; ROSTENBERG, Bill e GINSBERG, Rachel. Eco-Effective Design and Evidence-Based Design: Removing Barriers to Integration. 1. San Francisco: AIA Board Knowledge Committee, 2009b.

CASTRO, Maria de Fátima; MATEUS, Ricardo e BRAGANÇA, Luís. Proposal for a Healthcare Building Sustainability Assessment (HBSA) Method. Em: World SB14 Barcelona. vol. 5. Barcelona: GBCe, 2014, pp. 607–613.

CASTRO, Maria de Fátima; MATEUS, Ricardo e BRAGANÇA, Luís. A critical analysis of building sustainability assessment methods for healthcare buildings. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 2015a, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1381–1412.

CASTRO, Maria de Fátima; MATEUS, Ricardo e BRAGANÇA, Luís. Estratégia para a incorporação de impactes ambientais, sociais e económicos especí cos num método de Avaliação da Sustentabilidade de Edifícios de Saúde (HBSA). Em: Latin American European Conference on Sustainable Buildings and Communities. EURO ELECS 2015, Guimarães, 2015b.

CASTRO, Maria de Fátima; MATEUS, Ricardo; BRAGANÇA, Luís e SERÔDIO, Francisco. Development of Benchmarks for Operating Costs and Resources Consumption to be Used in Healthcare Building Sustainability Assessment Methods. Sustainability, 2015, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 13222–13248.

GUENTHER, Robin e VITTORI, Gail. Sustainable healthcare architecture. 1. Nova Jérsia: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.

GUENTHER, Robin e VITTORI, Gail. Sustainable healthcare architecture. 2. Nova Jérsia: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013

HAMILTON, Kirk. Four Levels of Evidence-Based Practice. AIA Journal of Architecture. Nova Iorque: AIA, 2006, pp. 1–2.

ISO TS. ISO/AWI 21929, Building Construction – Sustainability in Building Construction – Sustainability Indicators - Part 1 - Framework for the development of indicators for buildings and core indicators. 2010. Geneva: ISO, 2010.

LEE, Wai-ling; CHAU, Chi-kwan; YIK, Francis; BURNETT, John e TSE, Man Sze. On the study of the credit-weighting scale in a building environmental assessment scheme. Building and Environment, 2002, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 1385–1396.

MATEUS, Ricardo. Avaliação da Sustentabilidade da Construção. Guimarães: Escola de Engenharia da Universidade do Minho, 2009.

PENTLAND, William. Heal Thy Self: U.S. Hospitals Are Huge Energy Hogs. Forbes [online] [Data de consulta: 17 de outubro de 2013]. Disponível em: http://www.forbes.com/sites/ williampentland/2012/08/20/u-s-hospitals-are-huge-energy-hogs- better-light-bulbs-are-not-the-solution/.

ROBERTS, Greg e GUENTHER, Robin. Environmentally Responsible hospitals. Em: S. MARBERRY (ed.), Improving healthcare with better building design. 1. Chicago: Health Administration Press, 2006, pp. 81–107.

VAQUERO, Petra. Edifícios de saúde: Qual o caminho para a e ciência energética? Em: A. MALHEIRO (ed.), Tecno Hospital – revista de engenharia e gestão da saúde. vol. 58. Lisboa: EH ATEHP, 2013, pp. 18–20.
Publicado
2016-06-30
Sección
Artículos

##plugins.generic.recommendByAuthor.heading##