Midiendo la pobreza energética. Una revisión de indicadores

Palabras clave: eficiencia energética, exclusión social, higiene, pobreza

Resumen

Identificar aquellos hogares en una situación de vulnerabilidad a la pobreza energética es el
primer paso para abordar una problemática social a nivel mundial asociada a la falta de servicios energéticos mínimos, conocido por los términos anglosajones–Fuel Poverty y Energy Poverty, FP y EP, respectivamente. El concepto FP, definido en el Reino Unido como “la incapacidad para obtener un adecuado confort térmico debido a la ineficiencia de la vivienda”, mientras que el concepto EP refleja la imposibilidad de tener acceso a un servicio energético mínimo en países en desarrollo. La falta de un consenso a la hora de definir una ruta clara ha originado que algunos países no la reconozcan como un problema social. La investigación se basa en la revisión de ambos conceptos, a través del análisis conceptual de los términos FP y EP, revisión de indicadores utilizados, estudio de la capacidad de los indicadores para identificar y proponer soluciones a la problemática. Todo ello en relación a los objetivos incluidos: infraestructuras disponibles, eficiencia energética, pobreza social y económica, bienestar y salud social. El resultado es la revisión desde una perspectiva técnica en el sector residencial que ayude a desarrollar soluciones que cubran las carencias encontradas.

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Biografía del autor

Raúl Castaño-Rosa, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, España

Investigador posdoctoral Grupo de Tecnologías Apropiadas para el Desarrollo Sostenible

Jaime Solís-Guzmán, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, España

Docente Titular Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas II - Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería de Edificación

Madelyn Marrero-Meléndez, Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas II Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería de Edificación, Universidad de Sevilla

Profesora Titular de Universidad

Departamento de Construcciónes Arquitectónicas II

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Publicado
2020-06-30
Cómo citar
Castaño-Rosa, R., Solís-Guzmán, J., & Marrero-Meléndez, M. (2020). Midiendo la pobreza energética. Una revisión de indicadores. Hábitat Sustentable, 10(1), 08 - 21. https://doi.org/10.22320/07190700.2020.10.01.01
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Artículos

Agencias de apoyo

Esta investigación forma parte del proyecto Nuevo Análisis Integral de la Pobreza Energética en Andalucía (NAIPE). Predicción, evaluación y adaptación al cambio climático de hogares vulnerables desde una perspectiva económica, ambiental y social. Referencia US-1255465. Financiado dentro de la convocatoria de Proyectos I D i FEDER Andalucía 2014-2020 por la Consejería de Economía y Conocimiento de la Junta de Andalucía (España).