Quality characteristics of the selected variant of Paulownia tomentosa (Robust4) wood cultivated in Hungary

Authors

  • Szabolcs Komán

Keywords:

Mechanical properties, Paulownia tomentosa, Robust4, shrinkage, swelling, wood density

Abstract

Besides the continuously increasing demand for wood, the significant increase in its price also contributes to the increasingly broader use of fast-growing wood species and cultivars. Newer variants are continue to be cross-bred as a result. In case of a new variant within a species, it is questionable how it would adapt to a particular climatic environment and the quality of wood it would yield. The characteristics of the Paulownia tomentosa (Robust4) wood obtained from Hungarian plantations of are generally identical to those of the Paulownia tomentosa. The value of the air dry density - as typically for paulownia species- are very low i.e. 273 kg/m3. Its strength values (compressive strength: 9,6 MPa; tensile strength: 39,3 MPa; bending strength: 41,7 MPa; modulus of elasticity: 4116 MPa; impact bending strength: 1,4 J/cm2) also reach, and in some cases, exceed those of the Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. and the Paulownia Clone in vitro 112 variant. Based on these, we can expect the same wood quality from the Robust4 version as from the other paulownia variants.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adach, W.; Żuchowski, J.; Moniuszko-Szajwaj, B., Szumacher-Strabel, M.; Stochmal, A.; Olas, B.;, Cieslak, A. 2021. In vitro antiplatelet activity of extract and its fractions of Paulownia Clone in Vitro 112 leaves. Biomed Pharmacother 137: 111301 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111301

Akyildiz, M.H.; Kol, S.H. 2010. Some technological properties and uses of paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa Steud.) wood. J Environ Biol 31: 351-355. http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/201005_may10/paper_21.pdf

Barton, I.L. ; Nicholas I.D.; Ecroyd, C.E. 2007. Paulownia. Forest Research Bulletin no. 231. New Zealand Forest Research Institute. 71pp. https://www.nzffa.org.nz/system/assets/1710/scion-pubs-b231-paulownia.pdf

Bergmann, B.A. 1998. Propagation method influences first year field survival and growth of Paulownia. New Forests 16(3): 251-264.

Domínguez, E.; Río, P.G.d.; Romaní, A.; Garrote, G.; Domingues, L. 2021. Hemicellulosic Bioethanol Production from Fast-Growing Paulownia Biomass. Processes 9(1): 173. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9010173

Eimil-Fraga, C.; Proupín-Castiñeiras, X.; Rodríguez-Añón, J.A.; Rodríguez-Soalleiro, R. 2019. Effects of Shoot Size and Genotype on Energy Properties of Poplar Biomass in Short Rotation Crops. Energies 12(11): 2051. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12112051

Carrión-Prieto, P.; Martin-Ramos, P.; Hernández-Navarro, S.; Sánchez-Sastre, L.; Marcos-Robles, J.; Martín-Gil, J. 2017. Valorization of Cistus ladanifer and Erica arborea shrubs for fuel: Wood and bark thermal characterization. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 19(4): 443-454. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2017005000401

Clad, W.; Pommer, E. 1980. Manufacture of particleboard from kiri (Palownia tomentosa, Fam. Scrouphulariaceae). Holz Roh Werkst 38:385-391.

Flynn, H.; Holder, C. 2001. Useful wood of the world. Forest Products Society. Madison, WI., USA.

German Institute for Standardisation. 1979. DIN 52188: Testing of wood - Determination of ultimate tensile stress parallel to grain. Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin, Germany. https://www.din.de/de/mitwirken/normenausschuesse/nhm/wdc-beuth:din21:625263

German Institute for Standardisation. 2003. DIN 68364: Properties of wood species - Density, modulus of elasticity and strength. Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin, Germany. https://www.din.de/de/mitwirken/normenausschuesse/nhm/wdc-beuth:din21:62090580

German Institute for Standardisation. 1978. DIN 52186: Testing of wood - Bending test. Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin, Germany. https://www.din.de/de/mitwirken/normenausschuesse/nhm/wdc-beuth:din21:619127

German Institute for Standardisation. 1981. DIN 52189-1: Testing of wood - Determination of impact bending strength. Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin, Germany. https://www.din.de/de/mitwirken/normenausschuesse/nhm/wdc-beuth:din21:929019

German Institute for Standardisation. 1976. DIN 52185: Testing of wood - Compression test parallel to grain. Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin, Germany. https://www.din.de/de/mitwirken/normenausschuesse/nhm/wdc-beuth:din21:596747

German Institute for Standardisation. 1979. DIN 52184: Testing of wood; determination of swelling and shrinkage. Deutsches Institut für Normung, Berlin, Germany. https://www.din.de/de/mitwirken/normenausschuesse/nhm/wdc-beuth:din21:625145

Hassankhani, M.; Kord, B.; Pourpasha, M. 2015. Empirical statistical model for predicting ood properties of Paulownia. Part 1: Physical and biometrical properties (AOP Paper). Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 17(4): 919-930. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2015005000080

He, T.; Vaidya, B.; Perry, Z.; Parajuli, P.; Joshee, N. 2016. Paulownia as a Medicinal Tree: Traditional Uses and Current Advances. J Medicinal Plants 14(1): 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/EJMP/2016/25170

Icka, P.; Damo, R.; Icka, E. 2016. Paulownia Tomentosa, a Fast Growing Timber. Ann Valahia Univ Târgovişte Agric 10(1): 14-19. https://docplayer.net/38091223-Paulownia-tomentosa-a-fast-growing-timber.html

Kalaycioglu, H.; Deniz I.; Hiziroglu, S. 2005. Some of the properties of particleboard made from paulownia. J Wood Sci 51(4): 410-414. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10086-004-0665-8

Kiaei, M. 2013. Radial variation in wood static bending of naturally and plantation grown alder stems. Cellulose Chem Technol 47(5-6): 339-344. https://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT5-6(2013)/p.339-344.pdf

Komán, Sz. 2018. Energy-related characteristics of Poplars and Black Locust. Bioresources 13(2): 4323- 4331. http://dx.doi.org/10.15376/biores.13.2.4323-4331

Koman, Sz.; Feher, S. 2020. Physical and mechanical properties of Paulownia clone in vitro 112, Eur J Wood Prod 78(2): 421-423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-020-01497-x

Koman, Sz.; Feher, S.; Vityi, A. 2017. Physical and mechanical properties of paulownia tomentosa wood planted in hungaria. Wood Res 62(2): 335-340. http://www.woodresearch.sk/wr/201702/15.pdf

Kozakiewicz, P.; Laskowska, A.; Ciołek S. 2020. A study of selected features of Shan Tong variety of plantation paulownia and its wood properties. Annals WULS For Wood Technol 111: 116-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0014.6904

Minato, K.; Ito, Y.; Sugawara, H. 2005. Rationality of Kiri Wood (Paulownia tomentosa) in Traditional Uses. J Soc Mat Sci 54(4): 361-364. https://www.jsms.jp/kaishi/54/paper54-4-2.htm

Nosek, R.; Holubcik, M.; Jandacka, J. 2016. The impact of bark content of wood biomass on biofuel properties. Bioresources 11(1): 44–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.1.44-53

Rai, A.K.; Singh, S.P.; Luxmi, C.; Savita, G. 2000. Paulownia fortunei – A new fiber source for pulp and paper. Indian Pulp Pap Tech Assoc 12: 51-56

Sedlar, T.; Šefc, B.; Drvodelić, D.; Jambreković, B.; Kučinić, M.; Ištok, I. 2020. Physical Properties of Juvenile Wood of Two Paulownia Hybrids. Drv Ind 71(2): 179-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.5552/drvind.2020.1964

Senelwa, K.; Sims R.E.H. 1999. Fuel characteristics of short rotation forest biomass. Biomass Bioenergy 17(2): 127-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(99)00035-5

Shim, C.S. 1948. The mechanical properties of Paulownia tomentosa and Paulownia Coreana in Korea. Report of Forest Product Lab., Dept. of Forestry, Seoul Nat’1 Univ., 1-20. https://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/JAKO198200238219367.pdf

Turganova, R.; Djangalina, E.; Shadenova, E.; Kapytina, A.; Kamshybayeva, G. 2021. Features of the introduction into in vitro culture and micropropagation of Paulownia tomentosa. Reports 2(336): 18-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.32014/2021.2518-1483.25

Yadav, N.; Vaidya, B.; Henderson, K.; Lee, J.; Shewart, W.; Dhekney, S.; Joshee, N. 2013. A Review of Paulownia Biotechnology: A Short Rotation, Fast Growing Multipurpose Bioenergy Tree. Am J Bot 4(11): 2070-2082. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2013.411259

Vusić, D.; Kajba, D.; Andrić, I.; Gavran, I.; Tomić, T.; Vusić, I.; Zečić, Ž. 2019. Biomass Yield and Fuel Properties of Different Poplar SRC Clones, Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 40(2): 231-238. http://www.crojfe.com/archive/volume-40-no.2/biomass-yield-and-fuel-properties-of-different-poplar-src-clones/

Downloads

Published

2022-09-25

How to Cite

Komán, S. . (2022). Quality characteristics of the selected variant of Paulownia tomentosa (Robust4) wood cultivated in Hungary. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol, 25. Retrieved from https://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/5650

Issue

Section

Article