Properties of gypsum particleboard with added mineral dolomite


  • Omer Umit Yalçin
  • Ali İhsan Kaya


Dolomite, gypsum, Red pine wood, strength properties, thermal properties


Red pine (Pinus brutia) wood particles and dolomite mineral were used in varying proportions to form mineral-added gypsum particleboards. Mechanical, physical, and chemical properties of the boards were tested. The increasing  mineral content was found to improve the water absorption properties but the increased amount of  gypsum  in the mixture negatively affected the thickness swelling and water absorption properties. The usage of dolomite mineral in the board composition increased the internal bond properties and higher than the standard of 0,28 MPa. However, all types of boards had modulus of elastic, modulus of rupture and thermal conductivity results values below the standards.  Moreover, the thermal conductivity values decreased in all board types because of the reduction of the mineral dolomite. Thermal gravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry tests were applied to examine the thermal and flame retardancy properties of inorganic materials, wood-gypsum composites, which are used at different rates for synergistic effect. The gypsum and dolomite amount affected the thermal variation, whereas the increment in the weight of the wood particles also increased the thermal degradation. It was determined that stresses at 850-980 cm-1 reveal Ca-O and Mg-O, reveal at 881cm-1 C-OH, weak vibration at 1619 cm-1 and a strong bond structure in the 1445-950-882 cm-1 bands. These bands express the characteristic presence of the CaO and MgO belonging to dolomite. The study demonstrated the feasibility of producing mineral-based gypsum board products using wood chips.


Download data is not yet available.


Agan, S.; Dana, A.; Aydınlı, A. 2006. TEM studies of Ge nanocrystal formation inPECVD grown SiO2: Ge / SiO2 multilayers. J Phys Condens Matter 18: 5037-5045.

Amiandamhen, S.O.; Meincken, M.; Tyhoda, L. 2016. Magnesium based phosphate cement binder for composite panels: A response surface methodology for optimisation of processing variables in boards produced from agricultural and wood processing industrial residues. Ind Crops Prod 94: 746–754.

Ashori, A.; Nourbakhsh, A. 2011. Preparation and characterization of polypropylene/wood flour/nanoclay composites. Eur J Wood Prod 69(4): 663-666.

ASTM. 1990. ASTM C 1113: Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Refractories by Hot Wire. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.

Bekhta, P.; Dobrowolska, E. 2006. Thermal properties of wood-gypsum boards. Holz Roh Werk 64: 427–428.

Biermann, C.J. 1993. Essentials of Pulping and Papermaking. Academic Press, New York.

Chang, H.; Huang, P.J.; Hou, S.C. 1999. Application of thermo-Raman spectroscopy to study dehydration of CaSO4-2 H2O and CaSO4 - 0.5 H2O. Mater Chem Phys 58(1):12 – 19.

Chen, X.L.; Huo, L.L.; Jiao, C.M.; Li, S.X. 2013. TG–FTIR characterization of volatile compounds from flame retardant polyurethane foams materials. J Anal Appl Pyroysis 100: 186-191.

Cramer, S.M.; Friday, O.M.; White, R.H.; Sriprutkiat, G. 2003. Mechanical Properties of Gypsum Board at Elevated Temperatures. In Fire and materials 2003: 8th International Conference, January 2003, San Francisco, CA, USA. London: Interscience Communications Limited, c2003: 33-42.

DIN 1998. 4102-1: Fire behaviour of buildings materials and buildings components-part 1: buildings materials, concepts, requirements and tests. German Standards.

Espinoza-Herrera, R.; Cloutier, A. 2009. Thermal degradation and thermal conductivity of gypsum-cement particleboard. Wood Fiber Sci 41(1): 13-21.

Esteves, B.; Velez Marques, A.; Domingos, I.; Pereira, H. 2013. Chemical changes of heat treated pine and Eucalyptus wood monitored by FTIR. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 15(2): 245-258.

Faix, O. 1991. Classification of lignins from differ rent botanical origins by FT-IR spectroscopy. Holzforschung 45: 21–28.

Falcao, L.; Araujo, 2013. M.E.M. Tannins characterization in historic leathers by complementary analytical techniques ATR-FTIR, UV–vis and chemical tests. J Cult Herit 14: 499–508.

Fengel, D. 1991. Moglichkeiten und Grenzen der FTIR-Spektroskopie bei der Charakterisierung von cellulose. Das Papier 46: 7–11.

Guerrero, A.S.; Hernandez, M.S. 2000. Thermodynamic solubility of Ca(OH)2 in simulated radioactive sulphate liquid waste. J Am Ceram Soc 83(4): 882-888.

Gunasekaran, S.; Anbalagan, G. 2008. Spectroscopic study of phase transitions in natural calcite mineral. Spectrochim Acta Part A 69: 1246-1251.

Han, F.Q.; Tan, X.; Zhao, F.Q. 2017. Modification of Wood Fiber for Use in Cement Board. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. IOP Publishing 281(1): 012020.

Ji, J.; Ge, Y.; Balsam, W.; Damuth, J.E.; Chen, J. 2009. Rapid identification of dolomite using a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FTIR): A fast method for identifying Heinrich events in IODP Site U1308. Mar Geol 258(1-4): 60-68.

Kang, Y.; Chang, S.J.; Kim, S. 2018. Hygrothermal behavior evaluation of walls improving heat and moisture performance on gypsum boards by adding porous materials. Energ Build 165: 431–439.

Kaya, A.I. 2015. A study of composite materials that produced from recovered fibers of recycled waste papers. Ph.D Thesis, Suleyman Demirel University, Graduate School of Applied and Natural Sciences, (Turkish, Abstract in English). Isparta, Turkey.

Kaya, A.I.; Sahin, H.T. 2016. The Effects of Boric Acid on Fiberboard Made from Wood/Secondary Fiber Mixtures: Part 3. Utilization of Recycled Waste Office Paper Fibers. Composites. Chem Sci Inter J 1-8.

Kim, S.Y.; Chang, H. M.; Kadla, J. F. 2007. Polyoxometalate (POM) oxidation of milled wood lignin (MWL). J Wood Chem Technol 27(3-4): 225-241.

Kurugol, S.; Tekin, Ç. 2011. Evaluation of Sivas Traditional Sweet Plasters. Gazi Univ J Sci 24(1):161-173.

Kondo, T.; Sawatari, C. 1996. A Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopic analysis of the character of hydrogen bonds in amorphous cellulose. Polymer 37: 393–399.

Kozlowski, R.; Helwig, M.; Przepiera, A. 1995. Light-weight, environmentally friendly, fire retardant composite boards for paneling and construction. Inorganic Bond Wood Fiber Compos Mater 4(1): 6-11.

Kozlowski, R.; Mieleniak, B.; Helwig, M.; Przepiera, A., 1999. Flame resistant lignocellulosic-mineral composite particleboards. Polym Degrad Stab 64 523±528.

Kristóf-Makó, É.; Juhász, A.Z. 1999. The effect of mechanical treatment on the crystal structure and thermal decomposition of dolomite. Thermochim Acta 342: 105-114.

L’vov, B.V.; Ugolkov, V.L. 2003. Kinetics of free-surface decomposition of dolomite single crystals and powders analyzed thermogravimetrically by the third-law method. Thermochim Acta 401: 139-147.

Li, X.; Zhang, K.; Shi, R.; Ma, X.; Tana, L.; Ji, Q.; Xia, Y. 2017. Enhanced flame-retardant properties of cellulose fibers by incorporation of acid-resistant magnesium-oxide microcapsules. Carbohydr Polym 176: 246–256.

Maitra, S.; Choudhury, A.; Das, H.S.; Pramanik, J. 2005.Effect of compaction on the kinetics of thermal decomposition of dolomite under non-isothermal condition. J Mater Sci 40(18): 4749-4751.

Marechal, Y.; Chanzy, H. 2000.The hydrogen bond network in Iβ cellulose as observed by infrared spectrometry. J Mol Struct 523(1-3): 183-196.

Martias, C.; Joliff, Y.; Favotto, C. 2014. Effects of the addition of glass fibers, mica and vermiculite on the mechanical properties of a gypsum-based composite at room temperature and during a fire test. Compos: Part B 62: 37–53.

Morrow, D.W. 1982. Diagenesis 1. Dolomite - Part 1: The Chemistry of Dolomitization and Dolomite Precipitation. Geosci Canada 9(1).

Nemli, G. 2003. Effects of Some Manufacturing Factors on the Properties of Particleboard Manufactured from Alder (Alnus glutinosa subsp. barbata). Turk J Agric For 27: 99-104.

Ozdemir, F. 2016. Investigate on effect of dolomite mineral on some properties of high density fiberboard (HDF). Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University J Eng Sci 19: 93-98.

Ozdemir, F.; Odabaş-Serin, Z.; Tutuş, A. 2017. Investigation of effect of some fire reterdant chemicals and mineral materials used in surface coating on combustion performance of particleboard. BioResources 12(4): 8862-8869.

Pandey, K.K. 1999. A study of chemical structure of soft and hardwood and wood polymers by FTIR spectroscopy. J Appl Polym Sci 71(12): 1969-1975.;2-D

Papadopoulos, A.N. 2019. Advances in Wood Composites. Polym J 48.

Pasquali, C.E.L.; Herrera, H. 1997. Pyrolysis of lignin and IR analysis of residues. Thermochim Acta 293: 39–46.

Prasad, P.S.R.; Chaitanya, V.K.; Prasad, K S.; Rao, D.N. 2005. Direct formation of the γ-CaSO4 phase in dehydration process of gypsum: In situ FTIR study. Am Min 90(4): 672-678.

Sain, M.; Park, S.H.; Suhara, F.; Law, S.2004. Flame retardant and mechanical properties of natural fibre–PP composites containing magnesium hydroxide. Polymer Degradation and Stability 83(2): 363–367.

Schwanninger, M.; Rodrigues, J.C.; Pereira, H.; Hinterstoisser, B. 2004. Effects of short-time vibratory ball milling on the shape of FT-IR spectra of wood and cellulose. Vib Spectrosc 36: 23–40.

Shahraki, B. K.; Mehrabi, B.; Dabiri, R. 2009. Thermal behavior of Zefreh dolomite mine (Central Iran). J Mining Metall B: Metall 45(1): 35-44.

Sharifi, N.P.; Shaikh, A A.N.; Sakulich, A.R. 2017. Application of phase change materials in gypsum boards to meetbuilding energy conservation goals. Energ Build 138:455–467.

Sophia, M.; Sakthieswaran, N.; Babu, G. O. 2016. Gypsum as a construction material-a review of recent developments. Inter J Inno Res Sci Technol 2(12): 1-9.

Sudin, R.; Swamy, N. 2006. Bamboo and wood fibre cement composites for sustainable infrastructure regeneration. J Mater Sci Technol 41: 6917–6924.

Tiwari, S.; Rana, F.; Hanafi, H.; Hartstein A.; Crabbe, E.F.; Chan, K. 1996. A silicon nanocrystals based memory. Appl Phys Lett 68: 1377.

Todor, D.N. 1976. Thermal Analysis of Minerals. 1st Edition Abacus Press.

Turkish Standards. 1999. TS EN 310: Wood Based Panels Determination of modulus of elasticity in bending and of bending strength. Turkish Standards

Turkish Standards. 2012. TS EN 312: Particleboards - Specification. Turkish Standards.

Turkish Standards. 1999. TS EN 317: Particleboards and fibreboards- Determination of swelling in thickness after immersion in water. Turkish Standards.

Turkish Standards. 1999. TS EN 319: Particleboards and fibreboards- Determination of tensile strength perpendicular to the plane of the board. Turkish Standards.

Turkish Standards. 2002. TS EN ISO 11925-2: Reaction to fire tests - Ignitability of building products subjected to direct impingement of flame - Part 2: Single-flame source test. Turkish Standards.

Wakili, K.G.; Hugi, E.; Wullschleger, L.; Frank, T.H. 2007. Gypsum board in fire-modeling and experimental validation. J fire Sci 25(3): 267-282.

Warren, J. 2000. Dolomite: Occurrence, evolution and economically important associations. Earth-Sci Rev 52: 1–81.

Yalçın, Ö.Ü. 2018. Investigation of performance properties of plates produced from some lignocellulosic sources with mineral (dolomite and olivine) additives. Ph.D Thesis, Isparta University of Applied Sciences, The Institute of Graduate Education. Isparta, Turkey.




How to Cite

Umit Yalçin, O. ., & İhsan Kaya, A. . (2022). Properties of gypsum particleboard with added mineral dolomite . Maderas-Cienc Tecnol, 24. Retrieved from