Colour changes and morphological performance of impregnated jabon wood using polymerised merbau extractives

  • Jamaludin Malik
  • Barbara Ozarska
  • Adi Santoso

Abstract

Colour can be one of the preferencial factors prior to making a decision when people want to make a purchase of a wood product. Impregnation treatment can alter the wood colour. This study investigated the colour change of young plantation Jabon wood due to impregnation using Polymerised Merbau Extractives. Colour evaluation was done using the CIEL*a*b* system. Investigations also included morphological appearance by Scanning Electron Microscopic and chemical change by Fourier Transform Infrared analysis.


The results demonstrated that impregnation treatment using selected Polymerised Merbau Extractives i.e. PME22 and PME33, resulted in the colour change of the wood. Appearance of the impregnated wood was different from the original wood; it was like a 'new wood'. The colour was changed permanently. PME33 caused Jabon wood samples to be darker. The SEM results of untreated and treated Jabon wood showed apparent difference due to deposited cured polymerised Merbau extractives (PME) in wood vessels. Obviously, a certain amount of cured PME precipitated on the surface of wood vessels and filled in the cell wall illustrated by the cross section of treated wood. FTIR spectra revealed that impregnating treatment using polymerised Merbau extractives made chemical changes in the wood of new functional groups bonded to Jabon wood.

References

Aslam, M. M. 2006. Are You Selling the Right Colour? A Cross‐cultural Review of Colour as a Marketing Cue. Journal of Marketing Communications 12: 15-30.

Aydin, I.; Colakoglu, G. 2005. Effects of surface inactivation, high temperature drying and preservative treatment on surface roughness and colour of alder and beech wood. Applied Surface Science 252: 430-440.

Babin, B. J.; Hardesty, D. M.; Suter, T. A. 2003. Color and shopping intentions: The intervening effect of price fairness and perceived affect. Journal of Business Research, 56, 541-551.

Cademartori, P. H. G. D.; Schneid, E.; Gatto, D. A.; Stangerlin, D. M.; Beltrame, R. 2013. Thermal modification of Eucalyptus grandis wood: Variation of colorimetric parameters. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 15: 57-64.

Cermák, P.; Dejmal, A. 2013. The effect of heat and ammonia treatment on colour Response of oak wood (Quercus robur) and comparison of some Physical and mechanical properties. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 15: 375-389.

Coates, J. 2000. Interpretation of Infrared Spectra, A Practical Approach in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. R.A. Meyers (Ed.) pp 10815-10837.

Colorhexa 2012. Color encyclopedia: Information and conversion. ColorHexa.com.

Deng, X.; Hui, S. K.; Hutchinson, J. W. 2010. Consumer preferences for color combinations: An empirical analysis of similarity-based color relationships. Journal of Consumer Psychology 20: 476-484.

Dong, Y.; Qin, Y.; Wang, K.; Yan, Y.; Zhang, S.; Li, J.; Zhang, S. 2016. Assessment of the Performance of Furfurylated Wood and Acetylated Wood: Comparison among Four Fast-Growing Wood Species. BioResources 11: 3679-3690.

Dubey, M. K.; Pang, S.; Walker, J. 2010. Color and dimensional stability of oil heat-treated radiata pinewood after accelerated UV weathering. Forest Prod J 60: 453-459.

Dubey, M. K.; Pang, S.; Walker, J. 2012. Changes in chemistry, color, dimensional stability and fungal resistance of Pinus radiata D. Don wood with oil heat-treatment. Holzforschung 66: 49-57.

Esteves, B.; Marques, A. V.; Domingos, I.; Pereira, H. 2008. Heat-induced colour changes of pine (Pinus pinaster) and eucalypt (Eucalyptus globulus) wood. Wood Sci Technol 42: 369-384.

Esteves, B. M.; Pereira, H. M. 2009. Wood modification by heat treatment: A Review. BioResources 4: 370-404.

Garcia, R. A.; Lopes, J. D. O.; Nascimento, A. M.; Latorraca, J. V. F. 2014. Color stability of weathered heat-treated teak wood. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 16: 453 - 462.

Hill, C. A. S. 2006. Wood Modification: Chemical, Thermal and Other Processes. West Sussex, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Hillis, W. E. 1987. Heartwood and tree exudates. Springer-Verlag.

Hillis, W. E. 1996. Formation of robinetin crystals in vessels of Intsia species. IAWA Journal 17: 405-419.

Hon, D. N.-S.; Minemura, N. 2001. Color and Discoloration. In: HON, D. N.-S. & SHIRAISHI, N. (eds.) Wood and Cellulosic Chemistry. 2nd., rev. and expanded. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.

Islam, M. S.; Hamdan, S.; Hassan, A.; Talib, Z. A.; Sobuz, H. 2014. The chemical modification of tropical wood polymer composites. Journal of Composite Materials 48: 783-789.

Kamperidou, V.; Barmpoutis, P. 2015. Correlation between the changes of colour and mechanical properties of thermally-modified scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). PRO LIGNO 11: 360-365.

Konica-Minolta. 2007. Precise color communication: color control from perception to instrumentation.

Li, Y.; Wu, Q.; Li, J.; Liu, Y.; Wang, X.-M.; Liu, Z. 2012. Improvement of dimensional stability of wood via combination treatment: swelling with maleic anhydride and grafting with glycidyl methacrylate and methyl methacrylate. Holzforschung 66: 59-66.

Lovibond®. 2013. Understanding Colour Communication. A Guide to Understanding Colour Communication [Online]. [Accessed Accessed 15 May 2016].

Mamiński, M. Ł.; Król, M.; Mcdonald, A. G.; Mcilroy, D. N.; Niraula, I. B.; Czechowska, J.; Parzuchowski, P. 2013.
Thermally initiated solvent-free radical modification of beech (Fagus sylvatica) wood. Wood Science and Technology 47: 1019-1031.

Martawijaya, A.; Kartasujana, I.; Mandang, Y. I.; Prawira, S. A.; Kadir, K. 1989. Atlas Kayu Indonesia. Jakarta, Forestry Research and Development Agency. In Bahasa Indonesia.

Mattos, B.; Serrano, L.; Gatto, D.; Magalhães, W. L. E.; Labidi, J. 2014. Thermochemical and hygroscopicity properties of pinewood treated by in situ copolymerisation with methacrylate monomers. Thermochimica Acta 596: 70-78.

Mattos, B. D.; Lourenc, T. V.; Serrano, L.; Labidi, J.; Gatto, D. A. 2015. Chemical modification of fast-growing eucalyptus wood. Wood Sci Technol 49: 273-288.

Mattos, B. D.; Missio, A. L.; Cademartori, P. H. G. D.; Gatto, D. A.; Magalhães, W. L. E. 2016. Color changes of wood from Pinus taeda and Schizolobium parahybum treated by in situ polymerization of methyl methacrylate using cross-linkers. Maderas. Ciencia y tecnología 18: 113 - 124.

Miller, E. G.; Kahn, B. E. 2005. Shades of Meaning: The Effect of Color and Flavor Names on Consumer Choice. Journal of Consumer Research 32: 86-92.

Ozen, E.; Yeniocak, M.; Colak, M.; Goktas, O.; Koca, B. 2014. Colorability of Wood Material with Punica granatum and Morus nigra Extracts. BioResources 9: 2797-2807.

Pena, M. M. G.; Hale, M. D. C. 2009a. Colour in thermally modified wood of beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine. Part 1: Colour evolution and colour changes. Holzforschung 63: 385-393.

Pena, M. M. G.; Hale, M. D. C. 2009b. Colour in thermally modified wood of beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine. Part 2: Property predictions from colour changes. Holzforschung 63: 394-401.

Piotrowski, C.; Armstrong, T. 2012. Color Red: Implications for Applied Psychology and Marketing Research Psychology and education - An Interdisciplinary Journal 49: 55-57.

Rosu, D. A.; Teaca, C.; Bodirlau, R.; Rosu, L. 2010. FTIR and color change of the modified wood as a result of artificial light irradiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 99: 144-149.

Santoso, A.; Hadi, Y. S.; Malik, J. 2014. Composite flooring quality of combined wood species using adhesive from Merbau wood extract. Forest Prod J 64: 179-186.

Schloss, K. B.; Palmer, S. E. 2011. Aesthetic response to color combinations: preference, harmony, and similarity. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics 73: 551-571.

Schwanninger, M.; Rodrigues, J. C.; Pereira, H.; Hinterstoisser, B. 2004. Effects of short-time vibratory ball milling on the shape of FT-IR spectra of wood and cellulose. Vibrational Spectroscopy 36: 23-40.

Silverstein, R. M.; Webster, F. X.; Kiemle, D. J. 2005. Spectrometric identification of organic compounds. Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, c2005. 7th ed. / Robert M. Silverstein, Francis X. Webster, David J. Kiemle.

Simsek, H.; Baysal, E. 2012. An investigation on colour and gloss changes of wood impregnated with borates. Wood Research 57: 271-278.

Skorinko, J. L.; Kemmer, S.; Hebl, M. R.; Lane, D. M. 2006. A rose by any other name: Color-naming influences on decision making. Psychology & Marketing 23: 975-993.

Sundqvist, B. 2004. Colour Changes and Acid Formation in Wood During Heating. Doctoral, Lulea University of Technology.

Tuong, V. M.; LI, J. 2010. Effect of heat treatment on the change in color and dimensional stability of acacia hybrid wood. Bio Resources 5: 1257-1267.

Wahl, A.; Kozak, R. A.; Cohen, D. H. 2002. An exploratory market assessment of wood use in Japan residential flooring windows. Forest Prod J 52: 51-58.

Warner, L.; Raymond, F. 1947. Value of color in advertising. Journal of Applied Psychology 31: 260-270.

Whitfield, T. W. A.; Wiltshire, T. J. 1990. Color psychology: A critical review. Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs 116: 387.

Zhang, H.-H.; Cui, Y.; Zhang, Z. 2013. Chemical treatment of wood fiber and its reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. Journal of Vinyl and Additive Technology 19: 18-24.
Published
2017-10-26
How to Cite
MALIK, Jamaludin; OZARSKA, Barbara; SANTOSO, Adi. Colour changes and morphological performance of impregnated jabon wood using polymerised merbau extractives. Maderas. Ciencia y Tecnología, [S.l.], v. 20, n. 1, oct. 2017. ISSN 0718-221X. Available at: <http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/3012>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2017.