Recommendation of non-destructive sampling method for density estimation of the eucalyptus wood

  • Franciane Andrade de Pádua
  • João Otávio Poletto Tomeleri
  • Mariana Pires Franco
  • José Reinaldo Moreira da Silva
  • Paulo Fernando Trugilho
Keywords: Basic density, eucalypts, Pilodyn, Resistograph, nondestructive properties

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the wood density using destructive and non-destructive sampling methods in a eucalypt hybrid clonal and determine the best point for the non-destructive sampling of the tree. A 5.6-year-old Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus grandishybrid clone, from an energetic forest, was used, planted in the municipal district of Martinho Campos, MG, Brazil. The trees were sampled by three methods of destructive sampling. The traditional method (0%, 25%, 50%,75% and 100% of the commercial height Hc); alternative method (2%, 10%, 30% and 70% Hc) and via a meter by meter method starting from a height of 1.30 m from the soil (DBH). Three non-destructive sampling methods were also appraised: Resistograph®, Pilodyn® and 22 mm diameter cores at a DBH. The use of the Resistograph® at the 1.10 m or 1.50 m points and the Pilodyn® at 1.50m of height from the soil results the best correlations with the basic density determined by the three destructive sampling methods considered.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

BARRÍA, C.; SANDOVAL, S.; ROJAS, G. 2017. Uso del método de resistografía para la predicción de la densidad básica de la madera en árboles en pie de Pinus radiata. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 19 (3): 349-362.

BARRICHELO, L. E. G.; BRITO, J. O.; MIGLIORANI, A. J. 1983. Estudo da variação longitudinal da densidade básica de Eucalyptus spp. Silvicultura 8 (28): 726-731.

COUTO, A.M.; TRUGILHO, P.F.; NEVES, T.A.; PROTASSIO, T. P.; SÁ, V.A. 2013. Modeling of basic density of wood from Eucalyptus grandis and Eucalyptus urophylla using nondestructive methods. Cerne19 (1): 27-34.

DOWNES, G.M.; HUDSON, I.L.; RAYMOND, C.A.; DEAN, G.H.; MICHELL, A.J.; SCHIMLECK, R.; EVANS, R.; MUNERI, A. 1997. Sampling plantation eucalypts for wood and fiber properties. CSIRO, Melbourne, Victoria.

FUKATSU, E.; TAMURA, A.; TAKAHASHI M.; FUKUDA, Y.; NAKADA, R.; KUBOTA, M.; KURINOBU, S. 2011.Efficiency of the indirect selection and the evaluation of the genotype by environment interaction using Pilodyn for the genetic improvement of wood density in Cryptomeria japonica. J For Res 16 (2): 128-135.

GOUVÊA, A.F.G.; TRUGILHO, P.F.; GOMIDE, J.L.; da SILVA, J.R.M.; ANDRADE, C.R.; ALVEZ, I.C.N. 2011. Determinação da densidade básica da madeira de Eucalyptus por diferentes métodos não destrutivos. Revista Árvore 35 (2): 349-358.

GREAVES, B.L.; BORRALHO, N.M.G.; RAYMOND, C.A.; FARRINGTON, A. 1996. Use of a Pilodyn for the indirect selection of basic density in Eucalyptus nitens. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26 (9):1643–1650.

ISIK, F.; LI, B. 2003. Rapid assessment of wood density of live trees using the Resistograph™ for selection in tree improvement programs. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33 (12): 2426-2435.

LIMA, J.T.; SARTÓRIO, R.C.; TRUGILHO, P.F.; CRUZ, C.R.; VIEIRA, R.S. 2007. Use of resistograph to estimate the specific gravity and the puncture resistance of Eucalyptus. Scientia Forestalis 75:85-93.

NUNES, A.C.P.; SANTOS, G.A.; RESENDE, M.D.V.; SILVA, L.D.; HIGA, A.; ASSINS, T.F. 2016. Estabelecimento de zonas de melhoramento para clones de eucalipto no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Scientia Forestalis 44 (111): 563-574.

OMONTE, M., VALENZUELA, L. 2011. Variación radial y longitudinal de la densidad básica en árboles de Eucalyptus regnans de 16 años. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 13 (2): 211-224.

PÁDUA, F. A. 2009. Amostragem para avaliação da densidade básica da madeira de um hibrido de Eucalyptus grandisW. Hill ex Maiden x Eucalyptus urophylla S. T. Doutorado. Tese, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, Brasil.

RAYMOND, C.A. 2002. Genetics of Eucalyptus wood properties. Annals of Forest Science 59 (5/6):525-531.

RAYMOND, C.A.; MACDONALD, A.C. 1998. Where to shoot your Pilodyn™: whiting tree variation in basic density in plantations Eucalyptus globulus and Eucalyptus nitens, Tasmania. New Forests 15 (3) :205-221.

RAYMOND, C.A.; MUNERI, A. 2001. Nondestructive sampling of Eucalyptus globulus and E.nitens for wood properties: I., basic density. Wood Science and Technology 35 (3):27-39.

RINN, F.; SCHWEINGRUBER, F.H.; SCHAR, E. 1996. Resistograph™ and x-ray density charts of wood: comparative evaluation of drill resistance profiles and x-ray density charts of different wood species. Holzforschung 50 (4): 303-311.

ROSADO, S.C.S.; BRUNE, A.; OLIVEIRA, L.M. 1983. Evaluation of the wood basic density of standing trees. Revista Árvore 7 (2): 147-153.

SANTOS, I. D. 2008. Influência dos teores de lignina, holocelulose e extrativos na densidade básica, contração da madeira e nos rendimentos e densidade do carvão vegetal de cinco espécies lenhosas do cerrado. Mestrado. Dissertação, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Brasil.

SETTE JR, C.R.; OLIVEIRA, I. R.; TOMAZELLO FILHO, M.; YAMAJI, F. M.; LACLAU, J. P. 2012. Efeito da idade e posição de amostragem na densidade e características anatômicas da madeira de Eucalyptus grandis. Revista Árvore 36 (6): 1183-1190.
WASSENBERG, M.; CHIU, HS.; GUO, W.; SPIECKER, H. 2015. Analysis of wood density profiles of tree stems: incorporating vertical variations to optimize wood sampling strategies for density and biomass estimations. Trees 29 (2): 551-561.
WEI, X.; BORRALHO, N. M. G. 1997. Genetic Control of Wood Basic Density and Bark Thickness and Their Relationships with Growth Traits of Eucalyptus urophylla in South East China. Silvae Genetica 46 (4): 245-250.
ZOBEL, B.J.; VAN BUIJTENEN, J.P. 1989. Wood variation: its causes and control. Springer-Verlag, Berlin
Published
2019-10-01
How to Cite
Andrade de Pádua, F., Otávio Poletto Tomeleri, J., Pires Franco, M., Reinaldo Moreira da Silva, J., & Fernando Trugilho, P. (2019). Recommendation of non-destructive sampling method for density estimation of the eucalyptus wood. Maderas. Ciencia Y Tecnología, 21(4), 565-572. Retrieved from http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/3733
Section
Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)