Physical and mechanical properties of juvenile wood from Neolamarckia cadamba planted in west Malaysia

Main Article Content

Siti Zalifah Mahmud Rokiah Hashim Abdul Hamid Saleh Othman Sulaiman Nur Izzaati Saharudin Mohamad Lokmal Ngah Khairul Masseat Hamdan Husain

Abstract

Juvenile Neolamarckia cadamba or kelempayan tree has been harvested from forest plantation and converted into sawn timber. Some basic properties of timber such as physical and mechanical were determined from different parts of the tree namely lower, center and upper. The physical properties were evaluated. The mechanical properties were conducted using small test clear specimens. The results indicated that the physical and mechanical properties of the lower portion of the trunk were significantly superior compared to the upper portion of the trunk. The investigation revealed that the wood be able to use as a substitute material of the furniture components after some modification undertaken on its properties.

Article Details

How to Cite
ZALIFAH MAHMUD, Siti et al. Physical and mechanical properties of juvenile wood from Neolamarckia cadamba planted in west Malaysia. Maderas. Ciencia y Tecnología, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 2, p. 225-238, mar. 2017. ISSN 0718-221X. Available at: <http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/2760>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2017.
Keywords
Density; kelempayan; modulus of elasticity; modulus of rupture; moisture content; shrinkage; swelling.
Section
Article

References

Baar, J.; Tippner, J.; Rademacher, P. 2015. Prediction of mechanical properties - modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity - of five tropical species by nondestructive methods. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 17:239-252.

BS 373. 1957. Method of testing small clear specimens of timber. British Standards Institution, London.

BS EN 13183-1. 2002. Moisture content of a piece of sawn timber - part 1: determination by oven dry method. British Standards Institution, London.

Butler, R. 2013. Sustainable agricultural development in the tropics. [Accessed 11 June 2014].

Calonego, F.W.; Severo, E.T.D; Ballarin, A.W. 2012. Physical and mechanical properties of thermally modified wood from E. Grandis. Eur J Wood Prod 70:453-460.

Chauhan, S.; Donnelly, R.; Huang, C.; Nakada, R.; Yafang, Y.; Walker, J. 2006. Wood quality: in context. In: Walker J.C.F. (ed) Primary wood processing: principles and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New Zealand.

Choo, K.T.; Gan, S.; Lim, S.C. 1999. Timber notes - light hardwoods vi (dedali, kedondong, kelempayan, kelumpang, kembang semangkok). Timber Technology Bulletin 16: 139-258. Timber Technology Centre, FRIM.

Fabiyi, J.S.; Ogunleye, B.M. 2015. Mid-infrared spectroscopy and dynamic mechanical analysis of heat- treated obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon) wood. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 17: 5-16.

Haygreen, J.G.; Bowyer, J.L. 1996. Forest products and wood science: an introduction, 3rd edn. Press/Ames, Iowa State University.

Hoadley, R.B. 2000. Understanding wood. The Taunton Press, United States of America, pp 74-101.

Icimoto, F.H.; Ferro, F.S.; Almeida D.D.H.; Cristoforo, A.L.; Lahr, F.A.R. 2015. Influence of specimen orientation on determination of elasticity in static bending. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 17:229-238.

Ismail, J. 1993. Variation and relationship of selected wood properties in planted kelempayan (Neolamarckia cadamba (roxb.) Bosser). Ph.D. Thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Ismail, J.; Jusoh, M.Z.; Sahri, M.H. 1995. Anatomical variation in planted kelempayan (Neolamarckia cadamba, rubiaceae). IAWA J 6 (3): 277- 287.

ISO 3131 (E). 1975. Determination of density for physical and mechanical tests. International Organization for Standardization.

Korkut, S.; Aytin, A. 2015. Evaluation of physical and mechanical properties of wild cherry wood heat- treated using the thermowood process. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol 17:171-178.

Lim, S.C.; Can, K.S.; Thi, B.K. 2005. Identification and utilization of lesser-known commercial timbers in Peninsular Malaysia. 4. kelempayan, melembu, membuloh and mempari. Timber Technology Bulletin 32: 139-258. Timber Technology Centre, FRIM.

Lopes, D.B; Mai, C.; Militz, H. 2015. Mechanical properties of chemically modified portuguese pinewood. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol. 17: 179-194.

Malaysian Investment Development Authority. 2014. Malaysia investment performance report 2013: shifting into higher gear. [Accessed 11 June 2014.]

Malaysian Timber Industrial Board. 2013. Malaysian wood: furniture and interior design. . [Accessed 11 June 2014].

Malaysian Timber Industrial Board. 2014. MTIB e-statistics - export. Vol. 8: January- August 2014. [Accessed 8 October 2014].

Mohd Hamami, S.; Ismail, J. 1992. Physical properties of planted kelempayan. Proceedings of the national seminar on indigenous species for forest plantation. April 23-24, 1993, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, pp 77-89.

Mohd Hamami, S.; Paik, S.H.; Edi Suhaimi, B. 2008. Anatomical characteristics and wood quality of fast growing plantation trees in Malaysia. In: Nobuchi T, Mohd-Hamami S (eds) The Formation of wood in tropical forest trees: a challenge from the perspective of functional wood anatomy. Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, pp 91-104.

MS 837. 2006. Method for the determination of moisture content of timber. Malaysian Standards.

Pařil, P.; Brabec, M.; Maňák, O.; Rousek, R.; Rademacher, P.; Čermák, P.; Dejmal, A. 2014. Comparison of selected physical and mechanical properties of densified beech wood plasticized by ammonia and saturated steam. Eur J Wood Prod 72:583-591.

Shmulsky, R.; Jones, P.D. 2011. Forest products and wood science: an introduction, 6th edn. Wiley-Blackwell, UK, pp 45-64, 141-228.

Trockenbrodt, M.; Misalam, K.; Lajanga, J. 1999. Physical and elasto-mechanical wood properties of young Sentang (Azadirachta excelsa) planted in Sabah, Malaysia. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 57:210-214.

Tsoumis, G. 1991. Science and technology of wood: structure, properties, utilization. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, pp 111-193.

Most read articles by the same author(s)