Hydrothermal treatments to promote surface inactivation and increased flexibility in three hardwoods

  • Matheus Lemos de Peres
  • Rafael de Avila Delucis
  • Rafael Beltrame
  • Darci Alberto Gatto
Keywords: Boiling, london plane, microwave, pecan, steaming, sycamore

Abstract

In the present study, three juvenile hardwoods (namely sycamore, pecan and london plane) were treated by boiling, steaming and microwave. Trees from Platanus x acerifolia (sycamore), Carya illinoinensis (pecan) and Luehea divaricata (london plane) were selected in homogeneous forests located in southern Brazil. Each hydrothermal treatment was performed for 60 min. In general, the hydrothermal treatments caused a certain surface inactivation effect, which was marked by decreased surface roughness, increased hydrophobic character and darkened colour patterns. Also, both decreased stiffness and strength, as well as increased deflectibility were obtained. These mechanisms were attributed to degradation in fine segments from amorphous polysaccharides, leaching of some organic extractives and fragmentation of lignin, as indirectly indicated by infrared spectra.

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Published
2020-10-01
How to Cite
Lemos de Peres, M., de Avila Delucis, R., Beltrame, R., & Alberto Gatto, D. (2020). Hydrothermal treatments to promote surface inactivation and increased flexibility in three hardwoods. Maderas-Cienc Tecnol, 22(4). Retrieved from http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/MCT/article/view/4137
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