Evaluación funcional de la conducta: una herramienta crucial en el diseño de planes de apoyo conductual individualizados

Autores/as

  • Bárbara Machuca Jorquera Instituto Andrés Bello
  • Francia Pérez Velásquez Instituto Andrés Bello
  • Manuel Monzalve Macaya Universidad Católica del Maule

Palabras clave:

Conducta, evaluación funcional de la conducta, problemas conductuales

Resumen

La Evaluación Funcional de la Conducta (Functional Behavioral Assesment; FBA por su sigla en inglés) es un término genérico para referirse a varios métodos utilizados para identificar variables ambientales que desencadenan y mantienen problemas de conducta. El objetivo de este artículo es exponer acerca de los conceptos implicados en problemas conductuales y lo que ofrece la evaluación funcional de la conducta para un abordaje efectivo en variados contextos. Se utilizó el método de revisión sistemática, profundizando los constructos: evaluación funcional de la conducta y problemas de conducta. Los estudios dan cuenta de la efectividad de la implementación de esta estrategia de prevención/intervención. Finalmente, se discute la necesidad de aplicar este modelo y su implicancia en el diseño de apoyos de planes efectivos y eficaces.

Biografía del autor/a

Bárbara Machuca Jorquera, Instituto Andrés Bello

Profesora de Educación Especial mención Trastornos del Lenguaje y Dificultades de Aprendizaje. Magister en Educación Especial y Psicopedagogía

Francia Pérez Velásquez, Instituto Andrés Bello

Profesora de Educación Especial mención Trastornos del Lenguaje y Dificultades de Aprendizaje. Magister en Educación Especial y Psicopedagogía

Manuel Monzalve Macaya, Universidad Católica del Maule

Doctor en Educación Especial, Universidad de Oregon, USA

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Publicado

2022-06-07

Cómo citar

Machuca Jorquera, B., Pérez Velásquez, F., & Monzalve Macaya, M. (2022). Evaluación funcional de la conducta: una herramienta crucial en el diseño de planes de apoyo conductual individualizados. Revista Reflexión E Investigación Educacional, 4(1), 16–29. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/REINED/article/view/5492